As reported by the AP earlier today (here's the Chicago Tribune link to the story
, but there are millions of others out there), the Supreme Court of the United States ("SCOTUS") granted review this morning in an HMO-reform/ERISA case out of Texas. Two cert. petitions were granted in the case: Aetna Health Inc. v. Davila
, No. 02-1845, and Cigna Healthcare of Texas Inc. v. Calad
, No. 03-83. In the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit, the case was styled as Roark v. Humana
, 307 F.3d 298 (5th Cir. 2002) (here are links to the Westlaw version of the case
[requires subscription] and the FindLaw version
[free PDF]). In the interest of time, I will post the first two paragraphs of the Fifth Circuit's opinion and add my own commentary later:
This suit consolidates multiple district court actions and appeals for consideration of common issues. Ruby Calad, Walter Thorn, Juan Davila, and Gwen Roark sued their respective health maintenance organizations ("HMO's") for negligence under Texas state law: They alleged that although their doctors recommended treatment, the HMO's negligently refused to cover it. The HMO's removed to federal court, arguing that because each plaintiff received HMO coverage through his employer's ERISA plan, the claims arose under ERISA. The plaintiffs moved to remand.
The respective district courts denied Calad, Davila, and Roark's remand motions and dismissed their claims under Fed.R.Civ.P. 12(b)(6), citing ERISA preemption. The district court granted Thorn's remand motion. Roark, Calad, and Davila appeal the refusal to remand and, in the alternative, the dismissal. Thorn's HMO appeals the remand. We affirm the judgments in Roark's and Thorn's cases and reverse with respect to Calad and Davila.
The Roarks' claims are the only ones held by the court to have been partially preempted under section 502 of ERISA (the complete preemption provision); thus the district court properly denied their motion to remand. After that, the district court ruled the remaining claims were preempted by section 514 of ERISA (the ordinary preemption provision of the federal law), which the Fifth Circuit affirmed on the bas sis of its earlier Corcoran
case, which it found to be indistinguishable. More later . . .